Bird Sanctuary

UTAR Bird Sanctuary

Surrounded by 25 scenic lakes, UTAR Kampar Campus is an avifauna hotspot that attracts scores of nature lovers and bird watchers. Interestingly, one of the lakes located at the entrance of the Kampar Campus is a haven for a variety species of migrating birds. Fondly named as the UTAR Bird Sanctuary, one would find a heronry located on an islet in the middle of the lake. The heronry is a location where heron species breed in colony, which itself is an uncommon sight in the country, as special conditions are required to attract the herons to select the location as a heronry. The most important factor is that the birds must feel safe at the location.

A study has indicated that five species of herons are breeding in this heronry, which includes the Grey Heron and Purple Heron as well as other smaller species such as the. Black-crowned Night Heron, Little Egret and Cattle Egret. Besides these breeding birds, within the last five years, the campus is also surveyed to have an impressive count of more than 100 species of birds including large wild birds.

Many species may be very rare with accidental occurrence only, including a recent discovery of a rare migrant, the Himalayan Cuckoo. Some of the species that can be found in UTAR are uncommon in the country but are regularly found in some locations in UTAR, including the smallest wild duck in the country, the Cotton Pygmy Goose. Others include the elusive Pheasant-tailed Jacana, the shy and secretive Greater Painted snipe, as well as the near-threatened species, the Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Black-bellied Malkoha and Long-tailed Parakeet, which are sought after by birdwatchers across the nation.

An annual survey conducted since 2010 indicated that there was a peak of 57 active nests with 298 herons located on the Bird Sanctuary island for the five heron species, not including those that were nesting in the middle of the heronry that were not visible. According to a Waterbird Census conducted in January 2010, the UTAR Bird Sanctuary is likely the second largest active heronry in the state of Perak, after the nation's largest heronry that is located in the nearby Kinta Nature Park, Batu Gajah.

During peak migratory seasons, at least a few thousands of herons from various species would be seen flying across the skies with groups following one and another during the early mornings and late evenings. This is a scenic sight that is not seen in any other university campus in the nation, which makes UTAR unique when it comes to the natural environment of the campus.    

Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Grey Heron, 苍鹭 (Ardea cinerea)  
Blue-eared Kingfisher, 蓝耳翠鸟 (Alcedo meninting)
Olive-backed Sunbird, 黄腹花蜜 (Cinnyris jugularis)
Abbott’s Babbler, 阿氏雅 (Malacocincla abbotti)
White-throated Kingfisher, 白胸翡翠 (Halcyon smyrnensis)
Yellow-vented Bulbul, 白眉黄臀 (Pycnonotus goiavier)

Students and lecturers enjoying the birding experience.

List of bird species in the campus locality:

  1. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)
  2. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)
  3. Little Heron (Butoridea striatus)
  4. Chinese Pond Heron (Ardeola bacchus)
  5. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
  6. Great Egret (Casmerodius alba)
  7. Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia)
  8. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
  9. Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
  10. Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)
  11. Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)
  12. Lesser Treeduck (Dendrocygna javanica)
  13. Cotton Pygmy Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus)
  14. Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes)
  15. Oriental Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus)
  16. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)
  17. White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)
  18. Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela)
  19. Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis)
  20. Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
  21. Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscicator)
  22. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phenicurus)
  23. Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea)
  24. Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)
  25. Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
  26. Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus)
  27. Greater Paintedsnipe (Rostratula benghalensis)
  28. Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
  29. Pacific Golden Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
  30. Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
  31. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
  32. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)
  33. Pintail Snipe (Gallinago stenura)
  34. Oriental Pratincole (Glareola maldivarum)
  35. Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans)
  36. Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
  37. Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis)
  38. Peaceful Dove (Geopelia striata)
  39. Green-winged Pigeon (Chalcophaps indica)
  40. Chestnut-winged Cuckoo (Clamator coromandus)
  41. Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonnerati)
  42. Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus)
  43. Little Bronze Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx minutillus)
  44. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)
  45. Green-billed Malkoha (Phaenicophaeps tristis)
  46. Lesser Coucal (Centropus bengalensis)
  47. Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus)
  48. Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis)
  49. Germain’s Swiftlet (Aerodramus germani)
  50. Glossy Swiftlet (Collocalia esculenta)
  51. House Swift (Apus affinis)
  52. Blue-eared Kingfisher (Alcedo meninting)
  53. Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis)
  54. White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)
  55. Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops phillipensis)
  56. Blue-throated Bee-eater (Merops viridis)
  57. Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata)
  58. Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala)
  59. Common Flameback (Dinopium javanense)
  60. Rufous Woodpecker (Micropternus brachyurus)
  61. Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)
  62. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
  63. Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica)
  64. Striated Swallow (Cecropis striata)
  65. Pied Triller (Lalage nigra)
  66. Ashy Minivet (Pericrocotus divaricatus)
  67. Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)
  68. Yellow-vented Bulbul (Yellow-vented Bulbul)
  69. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)
  70. Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis)
  71. Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)
  72. Abbott’s Babbler (Malacocincla abbotti)
  73. Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)
  74. Golden-bellied Gerygone (Gerygone sulphurea)
  75. Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis)
  76. Oriental Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus orientalis)
  77. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius)
  78.  Ashy Tailorbird (Orthotomus reficeps)
  79. Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia falviventris)
  80. Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis)
  81. Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa daurica)
  82. Pied Fantail (Rhipidura javanica)
  83. Forest Wagtail (Dendronanthus indicus)
  84. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)
  85. Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus)
  86. Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)
  87. Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)
  88. White-breasted Wood-swallow (Artamus leucorynchus)
  89. Philippine Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis)
  90. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
  91. Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus)
  92. Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malaccensis)
  93. Olive-backed Sunbird (Nectarinia jugularis)
  94. Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum cruentatum)
  95. Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus)
  96. Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)
  97. Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)
  98. Chestnut Munia (Lonchura malacca)
  99. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)
  100. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)